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Karnataka is an Indian state located in the south of India, also known as Karnataka. Its capital is Bangalore. Karnataka has an area of ​​1,91,976 square kilometers. Which is 5.83% of the total geographical area of ​​India. It is the eighth largest state in the country in terms of area. This state was formed on 1 November 1956 under state reorganization. Earlier it was called Mysore State.It was renamed Karnataka in 1973. It shares its borders with Maharashtra in the north, Andhra Pradesh in the east, Kerala in the south, Arabian Sea in the west, Goa in the north-west and Tamil Nadu in the southeast. The most spoken language here is Kannada.

State Karnataka
Capital City :Bangalore
National Emblem : Emblem of Karnataka
State Animal : Asian Elephant
State Bird : Indian Roller
State Tree : Sandalwood
State Flower : Lotus
State Language : Kannada
Area : 1,91,791 km square
Population : 6.41 crore
Population Density : 319 person per square
Literacy Rate : 75.36%
Female Literacy Rate : 68.08%
Male Literacy Rate : 82.47%
Sex Ratio : 968


The word Kannada originates from the Kannada word “Karu” meaning Kali or high and “Nadu” means land or territory. Which consists of “Karunadu” which means Kali Bhoomi or High Land. In British times, the term “karnatic” was used here for the land south of the Krishna River, which is the term “apricot” of Karnataka. The gold discovered in the Harappan civilization originated from the mines of Karnataka. Which historians consider to be a mutual connection between Karnataka and Indus civilization of 3000 BC. Karnataka state was under “Nanda dynasty” even before 3rd century BC Later it was under Emperor Ashoka of Maurya dynasty. Satavahana dynasty ruled Karnataka state for four centuries. After this the Kadamba dynasty which was founded by Mayur Sharma in 345 AD made “Banavasi” their capital. Then came the rise of the Western Ganga dynasty, which was founded by Kanganivarman Madhav on 350 AD with “Talakad” as his capital. According to the “Halmidi inscriptions” and “Tamra Mudra” found in the “Banavasi” in the 5th century, these were the first instances of Kannada speaking in state administration. The Western Chalukya dynasty, the Rashtrakutas of Manyakhet and the Badami Chalukya dynasty were these royal Kannada kingdoms. Karnataka was ruled by Chola dynasty till 990–1210 AD. In which Rajaraja Chola I ruled from 985–1014AD, after which his son Rajendra Chola I ruled from 1014–1044. After the defeat of the Chalukya dynasty ruler Jaisingh by Rajendra Chola I, the border on the Tungabhadra River was fixed between the two states. After this, Rajadhiraj Chola I ruled from 1042–1056AD and seized the Chalukya capital Kalyani along with many parts of the Chalukya kingdom. After this, in 1053, Rajendra Chola Dwyavita defeated the Chalukyas and built a victory monument in the capital of Ganga “Gangakondacholapuram”. In 1066, the Chola ruler Veerarajendra once again defeated the army of the Chalukya Someswara and built a victory monument on the banks of the Tungabhadra River. In the early 14th century, Bukka Roy and Harihar established the Vijayanagara kingdom and established their capital at Hosnapatta on the Tungabhadra River. This empire kept Muslim rulers from expanding themselves in South India for two centuries. In 1565, the Vijayanagara Empire fell under the Islamic Sultanate following the defeat in the Battle of Talkot. Karnataka is the eighth largest state in India in terms of area. It has an area of ​​1,91,976 square kilometers which is 5.83% of the total area of ​​India. The population density here is 319 persons per square kilometer.


The latitude of Karnataka is from 15 ° 19 ‘North to longitude 75 ° 42’ East. 20% of the area here is forested. The state is surrounded by the Arabian Sea in the west, Kerala in the south, Tamil Nadu in the southeast, Goa in the northwest and Maharashtra in the north. The geographical location of Karnataka is divided into three parts. The coastal region is hilly region and Bayalusimi region. Karnataka is the eighth largest state in India in terms of area. It has an area of ​​1,91,976 square kilometers which is 5.83% of the total area of ​​India. The population density here is 319 persons per square kilometer. The coastal region consists of the Karwali region of Karnataka. The Western Ghats come in the mountainous region. And the Deccan Plateau region in the Bayalusimi region. Its northern region is the largest arid region of India. The highest place here is the Mullayanagiri Mountains located in Chikmagalur district.


There are some main rivers flowing in the state of Karnataka. Sharavati River, Malayaprabha River, Krishna River, Tungabhadra River and Kaveri River. Sharavati River — This river originates from Shimoga district of Karnataka. The total length of this river is 160 kilometers.

  1. Malayaprabha River — This river originates from Kanakambi village of Sahudri hills at an altitude of 792.2 meters. Its length is 16 kilometers.
  2. Krishna River — This river originates from the Mahabaleshwar mountain in the Western Ghats. Its length is 1400 kilometers. The river flows into Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh and falls in the Bay of Bengal. Its tributaries are Vena, Kudali, Ghatprabha, Koyna, Musi and Bhima.
  3. Tungabhadra River — This river is born from the union of Tunga and Bhadra River. It flows into Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh and joins the Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh. Its length is 531 kilometers.
  4. Kaveri River — This river originates from the Brahmagiri mountain in the Western Ghats. This river is a river flowing in Karnataka and northern Tamil Nadu. Its length is 800 kilometers. And it falls in the Bay of Bengal.


As of 2014, Karnataka has a population of 6.41 crore. Which is almost equal to the country of Italy. Of which about 3,09,66,657 (50.7%) population is males and 3,01,28,640 (49.3%) population is females. The sex ratio here is 973 females for every 1000 males. The population density here is 319 persons per square kilometer. Karnataka’s 3,75,52,529 population i.e. around 61.43% people live in rural areas. It has a population of 2,35,78,175 i.e. around 38.57% of the people live in urban areas.




Karnataka is one of the prominent tourism hotspots in India, Karnataka is lauded for fragrance of sandalwood, exquisite feel of Mysore silk, delicate wooden toys from Channapatna and living ruins of Hampi. It fits the bill for adding razzmatazz and snazz in your travel. There are anonymous beaches and sacred temples dotting the tropical coast of Karnataka. Bengaluru, the capital of Karnataka is known for being the ‘Silicon Valley of India.’ Trendy and artistic cafes, shops and restaurants further enhance the ambience of Karnataka. Thus, Karnataka is the sought after destination for intrepid travellers, foreign tourists and even the religious pilgrims.


Karnataka is located in the south western part of India. It is surrounded by Goa and Maharashtra in the North, Arabian Sea in the West, Andhra Pradesh in the East and Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the South. There are three main coastal zones of Karnataka, which are mainly the coastal strip, the western ghats and the Deccan plateau. The varied soil and vegetation of Karnataka makes it easier for it to grow different kinds of trees such as sandalwood, teak, rosewood and others.


Air: The Bengaluru Airport is well connected all over India. One can also explore Karnataka by reaching the Bajpe airport at Mangalore.

Rail: Bengaluru is well connected to the railheads all across the country.

Road: It is easily to travel to the cities of Karnataka through the inter state bus services from Maharashtra, Kerala, Goa and Andhra Pradesh.